Near the Thamukkam playgrounds, Queen Mangamma built a palace in 1700 AD (Near the present Tallakulam area), Later, during the rule of the British, a portion of the palace was renovated and expanded. After Queen Mangamma this palace was used by Arcot Nawab, British Government and the VIPs of the British. Later Madras University administered it. Before converting it into a museum, this place was used as Bungalow of Judges and Collectors for some time.
By the efforts of the Chief Minister Kamaraj this museum was opened in 1957 by the first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. This is situated in an area of 13 acres. The first floor of this museum contains beautiful domes, arches and short pillars. Here several educational programs are conducted and certificates are issued to the students. There is a library also. There are several books on Gandhian thoughts on society, culture , religions, patriotism and several research articles on these subjects are available. There are more than 20,000 books. There is also a research center here. They also publish books on Gandhian thoughts as collection of News bulletins.
Tamil Nadu Government has approved this museum as an educational institution. Also this is registered as a Society under the Societies Act. Mr.C. Subramanian, Radha Thiagarajan, Alagu Sundaram Chettiar, Soundara Ramachandran and Maa.Po. Sivagnanam administered this museum as chair persons in a good manner.
This is one of the 6 museums in memory of Mahatma Gandhi in India (Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Patna, Ahmadabad and Madurai). This is the first museum built in memory of Gandhiji. In this museum, on every Friday there will be prayers of all religions. These prayers contain devotional songs, discourses and thoughts of all religions.
Here Alternative Medicine, Magnetic Therapy, Sidha Medicine and Pranayama are taught. With these, several patients have got relief from their chronic diseases.
There is a Science Park for children in the museum. Gandhi Bala Bhavan (children's home) is also there. Here, during the summer vocation, coaching are given for Painting, Music, Hindi, Karate and other fine arts. There is no entry fee for the Museum. There are 500 to 600 visitors coming to this place each day. The museum is open from 10.00 am to 5.30 am for the visitors.